The United States and Canada have made arrangements for the occurrence of African Swine Fever in their country. Until now, this swine disease has not yet occurred.
Two years ago, the US, Canada and Mexico already signed a treaty to immediately close the borders to all pig exports when the first case is discovered.
Now that the AVP continues to spread worldwide, the commercial interests of the (pork) meat industry are also growing. Both the US and Canada have very large pork exporting industries. They too have recently benefited from the high demand from China.
In addition, the corona pandemic among sick staff in slaughterhouses has made it clear that long-term complete suspension of imports and exports cannot be sustained indefinitely.
Canada and the US have now extended the ASF agreement to include provisions in case Swine Fever is detected in wild boars, but not yet in professional pig farms. In that case, the export will be halted, but will resume in phases after joint inspections.
The North Americans will also make use of the 'regionalization' that is now being applied to the (partial) German resumption of pig exports to some Asian countries. The US and Canada are now going to divide their vast border area into regions.
In Canada, the pork industry accounts for more than 100,000 jobs and a turnover of $ 24 billion. Canada is the third largest exporting country of pork: 1.4 million tons ($ 5 billion) to 93 countries in 2020.
The United States marketed more than 129 million pigs in 2019, worth more than $ 22 billion, nearly a quarter for exports. The US industry provides more than half a million jobs.