Worldwide, 690 million people are hungry and not enough progress has been made in recent years to combat hunger, warns the world food organization FAO. The organization says in the new five-year State of Food Security (SOFI) report that international agreements are not being met.
The world is not succeeding in reducing hunger, but there are now even more people who are starving. And in five years' time, there will be another 60 million more, according to the FAO; 8.9 percent of the world's population, reports the international news agency IPS.
It is a period similar to the one that has passed since the United Nations adopted its 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015. In 2015, the United Nations agreed in Sustainability Goal 2 to 'end hunger' and to achieve it by 2030, as well as to ensure that all people, especially the poor and those in vulnerable situations, including infants, access to healthy, nutritious and sufficient food all year round ”.
The SOFI report concludes that the world is not on track to reach the goal of hunger by 2030. If recent trends continue, the number of people going hungry for that year will exceed 840 million.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) says in the WASDE June report on global food production that wheat productions for the 2020-2021 season will be 4 million tons less. They previously assumed a world wheat harvest of over 773 million tons. It is now estimated at 769 million tons. Harvests are estimated to be smaller for the European Union, the United States and Russia in particular.
Production in the European Union is declining by 1.5 million to USD 139.5 million tons, according to the USDA. Smaller harvests are expected in Spain and France in particular. In that case, it will be the lowest yield since the 2012-2013 season. Last year, the EU Member States harvested a further 155 million tons.
British farmers have sown a quarter less wheat this season and expanded the summer barley by 50 percent. Both cultures also have a significant impact on European markets. The British are the third largest wheat producer in the EU after France and Germany. Last year, a very good harvest of 16.2 million tonnes of wheat was harvested from the fields in the British Isles - over 1 million tonnes above the long-term average .
The British Agricultural Office (AHDB) published the results of the current cultivation survey late last week. Last fall, heavy rains and massive flooding made it difficult to sow winter crops. In the United Kingdom, the area of wheat fell by 25 percent, or 453,000 hectares. Many British farmers switched to summer crops because they were unable to sow their winter crops.