The French agricultural research firm Agrex Consulting, commissioned by FranceAgriMer, has once again named the French dairy industry the most competitive market leader. Just like last year, France is the most competitive dairy country ahead of New Zealand and the Netherlands.
In addition to the 'most competitive' yardstick, France scores noticeably worse on the six other performance areas examined. New Zealand, the Netherlands, Ireland and Denmark usually score significantly higher than France on criteria such as sustainability, ecological footprint and macroeconomics.
FranceAgriMer's study examines the performance of 13 major dairy countries on seven competitive benchmarks, subdivided into 40 indicators. The three French dairy groups Lactalis, Sodiaal and Danone are all active in 12 of the 13 countries surveyed.
The geographical scope of the annual French includes thirteen countries: 8 countries of the European Union, namely Germany, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland and the United Kingdom, as well as Argentina, Australia, Brazil, the United States and New Zealand. Zealand.
In 2020 they produced almost 300 billion liters of milk, an increase of 2% compared to 2019. That is good for 42% of the world stock of cow's milk. Exports from these thirteen countries represented $71 billion. The United States remains the largest producer of cow's milk in the world, supplying 13.4% of global supply followed by India (12.8% of global production).
In France, for example, collection (about 24 billion litres) has been stagnant since 2016, as has the domestic consumption of dairy products. The debt ratio of French dairy farmers is lower than the European average, thanks to a moderate land price. But operating costs remain high on the farms, the researchers say.
The export of French dairy products is progressing more slowly than in the other main dairy countries and is mainly concentrated on the European neighboring countries (60%). The study of “resource sustainability” also points to some French weaknesses. “The pressure on the environment and society is increasing” and “accidents in the climate are becoming more common”, it is noted.