The Dutch Embassy in Mexico is currently commissioning a study into opportunities for Dutch water companies in the Mexican agricultural sector. The results are expected to be published shortly.
Similar studies with Dutch support have previously been carried out in Morocco and Indonesia, among others.
The last major drought in Mexico took place in 2011, when the drought in the state of Chihuahua even led to a famine. Water reservoirs across the country have been at historically low water levels for weeks. Dozens of large water reservoirs in the north and center of the country have even reached critical levels of less than 25%.
In some cities, the water supply is already being cut, according to the agriculture department of the Dutch embassy in Mexico City.
Agricultural production in some parts of the country is also at risk, such as maize production in the northern state of Sinaloa. And in the northern state of Coahuila, the drought is causing death among livestock, according to the Spanish newspaper El Pais.
The direct cause is the lagging rain. In the past six months, 20% fell less rain than usual. Also in the previous rainy season less than usual fell, partly because of the weather phenomenon “La Niña. Every three to seven years, La Niña creates colder ocean currents in the Pacific Ocean and less cloud formation over Mexico and the southern United States.
The current drought is not only caused by La Niña, but also by human actions. The global rise in temperature, the growth of cities and the expansion of agricultural land is at the expense of ecosystems, especially forests and water areas.
In addition, according to experts in Mexico, there is a lack of effective water management and research to develop new water technologies.